AMD Symptoms

Early and Intermediate AMD

People with early and intermediate stages of AMD do not usually experience symptoms. Therefore, it is very important that regular eye examinations are performed in order to detect the early signs of AMD. These examinations also allow the detection of other eye diseases, many of which may also be painless and without obvious symptoms in their early stages (e.g. glaucoma).


Late AMD

Common symptoms relating to vision deterioration reported by people with late-stage AMD, either geographic atrophy (GA) or neovascular AMD (nvAMD) include:


Blurring of central vision/Loss of visual acuity (gradual or rapid onset) – reduced ability to see in detail (e.g. greater difficulty reading small print in newspaper or a reduction in reading rate). Tends to occur gradually in persons with GA, but can be rapid in people with nvAMD; this can affect one or both eyes. GA and nvAMD may occur alone, separately in each eye or simultaneously in the same eye.

Metamorphopsia – A type of distorted vision where straight lines in a grid appear wavy; this is a common symptom among people who have neovascular AMD. (The Amsler Grid is a useful tool for monitoring your central visual field and testing metamorphopsia.)

Blind spots (scotomas) in the central field of vision – an area of partial alteration in the field of vision consisting of a partially diminished or entirely degenerated visual acuity that is surrounded by a field of normal – or relatively well-preserved vision.

Reduced contrast sensitivity difficulty seeing an image against a ‘similar’ background.

Delayed dark adaptation difficulty adjusting when moving from bright to dimly lit environments.



Access the full bibliography here.

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